Plant science articles

Fixed leaf image

How is Climate Change Affecting Photosynthesis?

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | December 5, 2022

The short answer is, it depends. Whether climate change affects photosynthesis and what the effects are, depends on many factors. The effects of climate change on photosynthesis will depend on soil water, nutrient availability, species, and climactic conditions. Plant physiological processes like stomatal conductance, transpiration, and photorespiration moderate climate change effects on photosynthesis. More CO2… Continue reading…

The Importance of Plant Research in 2023

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | November 15, 2022

It may sound surprising in this age of accelerating manufacturing, but we need more plant research than ever before. We need to provide food security for a growing population in a changing climate. So novel cropping systems are necessary without harming the environment.  Basic research will improve our understanding of plants to the environment, while… Continue reading…

Scientist uses a leaf spectrometer to measuring spinach leaves in a lab

6 Essential Applications of Leaf Spectrometers

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | September 29, 2022

6 Essential Applications of Leaf Spectrometers   Leaf spectrometers collect and analyze reflected, transmitted, or absorbed light to provide vital plant information. The parameters measured are chemical concentrations, color analysis, photochemical reactions, optical and physical properties of leaves, and the extinction coefficient of light. These properties are applied on various scales from leaf, and individual… Continue reading…

microscopic image of plant stomata

Stomatal Conductance: Functions, Measurement, and Applications

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | August 25, 2022

Though a common plant function, much remains unknown about stomatal conductance, especially at larger ecosystem scales while its associated processes like photosynthesis and, to a lesser extent, transpiration, are largely well studied. This research gap is surprising considering that sophisticated tools exist to rapidly and accurately measure stomatal conductance in the field. Modern infrared gas… Continue reading…

The edge of a forest that has been partially clearcut.

How is Human Activity Altering Forest Canopy Dynamics?

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | August 5, 2022

Forest disturbance alters microclimate, including light quality and quantity, that can have a far-reaching influence on forest structure and composition. Species need different wavelengths or quality of light for germination. Modulation of light by the canopy influences understory growth. Edge effects favor early succession species. Forests nowadays face unprecedented levels of disturbance from human activity.… Continue reading…

Image of a person inserting a CID Bio-Science minirhizotron into a root tube.

10 Vital Minirhizotron Applications for Agricultural Research

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | July 26, 2022

Minirhizotrons are a recent addition to a scientist’s toolbox, providing information on underground dynamics. Scientists can explore the relationship between roots and shoots along with the cumulative effect on crop yield. Using minirhizotron systems improves our knowledge of root responses to the environment, fertilizers, irrigation, and tillage, enhancing crop water and nutrient use efficiency. Ten… Continue reading…

man stands measuring water height in a wetland environment

Using Minirhizotrons in Wetland Studies

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | June 14, 2022

Understanding underground carbon fluxes in wetlands has been challenging since the standard methods have primarily been destructive. Non-destructive minirhizotrons were tested as a possible solution to studying underground dynamics. Minirhizotron installation, anchorage, image capture and analysis, and data upscaling recommendations are made to meet the needs of the unique environment of wetlands. A Methodological Framework… Continue reading…

Transpiration, Evapotranspiration, and Leaf Area Index

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | May 31, 2022

Increasing evapotranspiration due to global warming is changing the climate. Yet global estimates of transpiration, its major component, are not definite. Global transpiration estimates vary due to different methodologies, approaches, and scales. Including field data in global-scale models is crucial for accurately determining transpiration. Leaf Area Index is an excellent proxy for calculating transpiration by… Continue reading…

5 Ways to Improve Water Use Efficiency

Dr. Vijayalaxmi Kinhal | May 9, 2022

Improving water use efficiency, the ratio of yield to water supplied can boost food production for a growing population without additional use of limited water resources. Water use efficiency for food production can be improved at the farm or plant level. On farms, this can be achieved through optimized management. At the plant level, improvements… Continue reading…

WEBINAR RECORDING: SpectraVue Leaf Spectrometer Live Training

Scott Trimble | April 27, 2022

Learn More | Request a Quote | Schedule a Consultation Leaf spectral data is being used to understand vital plant stress attributes in crop optimization, forest productivity, and environmental research. Join Director of Applied Science Galen George for an in-depth, live training on the use and application of the CI-710s SpectraVue Leaf Spectrometer. We have designed this training to… Continue reading…

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