Articles

Canopy Design in Orchards: Improving Fruit Quality and Yield

July 5, 2024 at 7:27 pm | Updated July 5, 2024 at 7:27 pm | 12 min read

Canopy design in orchards achieves a targeted tree form using grafts, pruning, and training. Orchards use 3-D canopy designs in low to medium-density orchards. 2-D planar canopy designs are used in high-density planting and to facilitate orchard management by machines and robots. As tree density increases, fruit quality, and resource use efficiency increase to boost… Continue reading…

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Additional reading

Understanding Drought Resistance Strategies: A Guide to Plant Adaptation

Drought Resistance Strategies include any plant mechanism that responds and adapts to drought, commonly called drought resistance. Plants use drought escape mechanisms to prevent encountering climatic established drought conditions by altering their lifespan. Drought avoidance strategies avoid the adverse impacts of mild and acute drought on cells by reducing plant water loss. Stress tolerance mechanisms… Continue reading…

Understanding Fine Root Dynamics: Key Insights and Methodologies

Fine roots have a diameter of 0.1–2 mm and are essential for nutrient acquisition for individual plants and carbon and nutrient cycling for ecosystems. Research shows fine roots are not a single group; root order determines form, anatomy, physiology, and function. Fine root age is another significant factor that influences functioning and dynamics. Though fine… Continue reading…

The Impact of Invasive Species: Managing Threats to Forest Ecosystems

The Impact of Invasive Species in forests with closed canopy is more resistant to invasion by alien plant species due to limited light in the understory. Invasives’ success depends on species-specific and site-specific factors. Competition for space, water, and nutrients also keeps invasives away. Natural forests are more resistant to invasives than planted or managed… Continue reading…

Understanding Drought Impact on Crop Yield: Stages, Mechanisms, and Adaptations.

Drought’s impact on crop yield affects plant stages differently, moderated by genotype and external environmental factors. Very early drought can inhibit germination and seedling establishment, reducing stand density and yield. Drought during reproductive and grain filling can reduce yield quantity and quality more than during the growth phases. Drought is the primary environmental stress crop… Continue reading…

How Does the Rhizosphere Effect Influence Plant Growth and Soil Health?

The rhizosphere is the soil surrounding the plant root and soil interface. Root exudates, controlled by plant species, functional type, root traits, and biomes, can determine the biology, physics, and chemistry of the rhizosphere effect. The rhizosphere effect can enhance nutrient availability and defense at the plant level; carbon and nutrient cycling and possible bioremedial… Continue reading…

Advances in the Measurement of Root Turnover with Minirhizotron Technology

Root turnover rates are complex to measure as growth and death co-occur in plants. Minirhizotron is a standard method for estimating root turnover as it is non-destructive, rapid, and accurate. One challenge in the widespread use of minirhizotrons for root turnover is the lack of analysis methods to directly convert root scans to turnover estimation.… Continue reading…

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