Articles

Understanding Drought Impact on Crop Yield: Stages, Mechanisms, and Adaptations.

April 1, 2024 at 3:34 pm | Updated April 1, 2024 at 3:34 pm | 12 min read

Drought’s impact on crop yield affects plant stages differently, moderated by genotype and external environmental factors. Very early drought can inhibit germination and seedling establishment, reducing stand density and yield. Drought during reproductive and grain filling can reduce yield quantity and quality more than during the growth phases. Drought is the primary environmental stress crop… Continue reading…

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Additional reading

What We Learned About Roots in 2023

Most studies in 2023 focused on root responses to agricultural practices to improve yield using fewer resources. Research into the basic science of roots and the influence of biotic and abiotic factors are the second significant areas of study. Fine roots are a particular area of focus, given their importance in nutrient and water uptake… Continue reading…

Measuring Heat Stress on Forest Trees

The impact of high temperatures directly and alone on trees is significant without the associated drought. Heat effects are recorded at cellular, leaf, and tree levels, inhibiting tree growth and productivity or even mortality. More research is necessary to fully understand the effects of heat stress, which must be supported by on-site, non-destructive data collection… Continue reading…

Minirhizotron Systems for Root Disease Detection

Root diseases are a significant issue in reducing crop yields globally. The damage and symptoms caused by root diseases change morphology and growth dynamics that images and scans can detect. Minirhizotron systems can detect a wide range of root changes reflecting various levels of root disease severity, providing a novel detection method. Root diseases are… Continue reading…

Five Major Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) Research Findings in 2023

Research focuses on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) use to alleviate climate change-driven abiotic stresses like drought and salinity. Efforts are also made to understand the factors that control AMF diversity and abundance, given the importance of mycorrhizae for natural and cultivated areas. Studies also investigate the effect of agricultural practices on AMF composition and diversity… Continue reading…

Microalgae and Artificial Photosynthesis for Renewable Energy

Microalgae’s natural photosynthesis, which uses carbon dioxide in the presence of sunlight, is harnessed to produce electricity and biofuels for renewable energy. Artificial photosynthesis, biomimics, and natural photosynthesis use semiconductors to capture light and fix ambient CO2. Artificial photosynthesis systems produce two types of fuels: hydrocarbons (methane, methanol, and formic acid) and pure hydrogen. Challenges… Continue reading…

How Wildfire Affects Tree Physiology

Wildfire effects on trees depend on fireline intensity and residence time and can occur from heat transfer or smoke. To understand how this process unfolds, we dive deep into the study of how wildfire affects tree physiology. Wildfire effects can be first-order or second-order and are evaluated based on carbon and water transport and are… Continue reading…

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